Document Detail

Use of amphoteric rinsing solution for treatment of ocular tissues exposed to nitrogen mustard.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23035792     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Purpose:  Ocular exposure to mustard agents may cause severe and prolonged injury to the anterior segment tissues. Effective decontamination of the external eye surface after exposure is of paramount importance. The purpose of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of Diphoterine rinsing solution (DRS) in reducing ocular damage after exposure to nitrogen mustard (NM) and to compare it with normal saline solution. Methods:  One eye of 16 New Zealand albino rabbits was exposed to 2% NM. Immediate thorough irrigation was performed with either 500 ml of DRS (treated group) or with 500 ml of normal saline (control group). The magnitude of ocular injury and response to treatment were assessed by examiners masked to the treatment assignment during 22 days following the exposure. Results:  Immediate ocular irrigation with DRS was more effective compared with saline in reducing corneal, iris and anterior chamber injury. In the DRS-treated group, the corneal opacity and corneal neovascularization were less severe, and development of iris atrophy was delayed. Intraocular pressure (mmHg) was better maintained when compared to the control group (day 7 24.3 versus 14.8, p = 0.003; day 12 28 versus 15, p = 0.003; day 22 33.5 versus 21.8, p = 0.014, respectively). Systemic oxidative stress associated with exposure to NM was significantly higher in the saline-treated group than in DRS-treated group (p < 0.011). Conclusions:  The findings of this study indicate the effectiveness of DRS in reducing of NM-induced ocular injuries. Its use should be considered as an immediate treatment modality following exposure to mustard agents to reduce potential ocular injury.
Yakov Goldich; Yaniv Barkana; David Zadok; Isaac Avni; Eduard Berenshtein; Mordechai Rosner; Mordechai Chevion
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta ophthalmologica     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1755-3768     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Ophthalmol     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101468102     Medline TA:  Acta Ophthalmol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Acta Ophthalmologica © 2012 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation.
Department of Ophthalmology, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel Department of Cellular Biochemistry and Human Genetics, Hebrew University-Hadassah Schools of Medicine and Dental Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel Goldschleger Eye Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
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