Document Detail


Use of amides as cryoprotectants in extenders for frozen sperm of tambaqui, Colossoma macropomum.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22578629     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Amides were tested as cryoprotectants in comparison with glycerol and DMSO (more traditional cryoprotectants) for recovery of Colossoma macropomum (tambaqui fish) sperm. Milt was extended in Beltsville Thawing Solution, then frozen with the addition of 2%, 5%, 8%, or 11% of: (1) dimethylacetamide (DMA), (2) dimethylformamide (DMF), (3) methylformamide (MF), or with 5% glycerol or 10% dimethylsulfoxide. Fertilization rates were greatest (P < 0.001) with amides; 8% DMF (91.6 ± 1.3%), 5% DMF (88.9 ± 1.6%), and 8% MF (83.0 ± 1.6%), which did not significantly differ among themselves, when compared with glycerol (51.6 ± 2.4%) and DMSO (61.9 ± 3.1%). The best hatching rates (P < 0.001) also occurred for 5% or 8% DMF and 8% MF (79.1 ± 3.1, 87.6 ± 1.5, and 74.8 ± 3.0, respectively) and were also similar (P > 0.05). For such treatments, both fertilization and hatching rates were similar (P > 0.05) to those with fresh sperm (91.7 ± 1.4 and 87.4 ± 1.4, respectively). The best sperm motility across extenders (at least 55.7%) was with 5%, 8%, and 11% DMF (P < 0.001). Those same treatments, along with 11% MF, provided the longest (P < 0.001) period of motility (at least 1 min). The greatest sperm integrity (more than 54%) was with 5% and 11% MF and with DMA and DMF at all tested concentrations (P < 0.001). The greatest (P < 0.001) sperm viability (at least 31%) was for 5%, 8%, and 11% DMA, and with 8% and 11% MF, and also for DMF at all tested concentrations. Sperm DNA integrity was best (more than 50%) for 2%, 5%, and 8% MF and for DMA and DMF at all concentrations (P < 0.001), whereas 2% DMA, 11% MF, 11% DMF, and the three amides at both 5% and 8% yielded the highest mitochondrial functionality (at least 44%; P < 0.001); thus, 8% MF and both 5% and 8% DMF were the cryoprotectants with the best postthaw quality for C. macropomum sperm.
Authors:
A S Varela Junior; C D Corcini; S M M Gheller; R D Jardim; T Lucia; D P Streit; M R C Figueiredo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Theriogenology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-3231     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421510     Medline TA:  Theriogenology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande, Rio Grande, RS, Brazil.
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