Document Detail


Use of acetylcholine to measure total vascular pressure-volume relationship in dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3337249     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To define total vascular capacitance, we used acetylcholine to arrest the heart and measured mean circulatory filling pressure (MCFP) during controlled hemorrhage and volume loading in 12 splenectomized dogs after ganglion blockade with hexamethonium. We also examined the gross pathological and histological changes in the lungs. Controlled hemorrhage (n = 12) of 5 and 10 ml/kg decreased MCFP from 6.8 +/- 0.1 to 4.9 +/- 0.3 and 3.6 +/- 0.2 mmHg, respectively. Volume loading of 5 (n = 8) and 10 ml/kg (n = 4) increased MCFP to 9.3 +/- 0.2 and 12.1 +/- 0.1 mmHg, respectively. At MCFPs below 5 mmHg, the pressure (P)-volume (V) relationship was not linear [(P = P0ekV, where k is slope of ln (MCFP) vs. V, k = 0.061, R2 = 0.998]. At MCFPs between 5 and 12 mmHg, the pressure-volume relationship was linear (slope = 0.479 mmHg.ml-1.kg-1, R2 = 0.992) and total vascular compliance was 2.09 ml.mmHg-1.kg-1. There were no changes in heart rate, cardiac output, right atrial, pulmonary artery, and pulmonary artery wedge pressures when values at base line were compared with those measured 15 min after each arrest. There were no changes in arterial gas measurements or acid-base balance, and there was no evidence of atelectasis or interstitial or intra-alveolar edema. We conclude that the total body pressure-volume relationship in the presence of ganglion blockade had a nonlinear configuration. The use of acetylcholine to arrest the heart, four times with hexamethonium in reflex-blocked animals, did not result in changes in hemodynamics or pulmonary function.
Authors:
R W Lee; L D Lancaster; R G Gay; M Paquin; S Goldman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  254     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1988 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-02-25     Completed Date:  1988-02-25     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  H115-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, Tucson Veterans Administration Medical Center, Arizona 85723.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acetylcholine / pharmacology*
Animals
Blood Gas Analysis
Blood Volume
Cardiovascular System / drug effects*
Dogs
Hemodynamics / drug effects
Lung / drug effects,  pathology
Nerve Block
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL-20984/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
51-84-3/Acetylcholine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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