Document Detail

Use and abuse of khat (Catha edulis): a review of the distribution, pharmacology, side effects and a description of psychosis attributed to khat chewing.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2572026     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
There have been relatively few reported cases of psychosis due to khat usage despite its heavy consumption in certain East African and Arabian countries. Four cases have been reported in the UK. We report here on three further cases of psychotic reactions to this substance in Somalian males, and emphasize the need to be aware of khat as a potential substance of abuse, with both medical and psychiatric complications. The features of khat psychoses are described and the relationship to amphetamine and ephedrine psychoses is discussed. The forensic aspects of two of the cases which involved homicide and combined homicide and suicide are highlighted, as is the possible role of social dislocation from the culture of origin.
C Pantelis; C G Hindler; J C Taylor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychological medicine     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0033-2917     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Med     Publication Date:  1989 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-11-17     Completed Date:  1989-11-17     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254142     Medline TA:  Psychol Med     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  657-68     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychiatry, Royal Free Hospital, London.
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MeSH Terms
Central Nervous System Stimulants* / adverse effects
Chemical Phenomena
Plant Extracts* / adverse effects
Psychoses, Substance-Induced / etiology*,  psychology
Substance-Related Disorders / etiology*,  psychology
Suicide, Attempted / psychology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Central Nervous System Stimulants; 0/Plant Extracts

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