Document Detail

The Use of Quadripolar Left Ventricular Leads Improves the Hemodynamic Response to Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25492127     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the usefulness of a left ventricle (LV) quadripolar lead in improving the hemodynamic response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT).
METHODS AND RESULTS: We included 27 consecutive patients implanted with a CRT device with an LV quadripolar lead. Hemodynamic parameters were evaluated at 3-month follow-up by using impedance cardiography. We assessed the highest cardiac output and the highest stroke volume (SV) obtained after atrioventricular and interventricular optimization with pacing from each of the four electrodes of the LV lead. Each patient was evaluated according to three different pacing configurations: unipolar-simulated, bipolar, and quadripolar. Biventricular pacing improved hemodynamics in comparison to the nonpaced measurements: cardiac index (CI): 2.69 L/min/m(2) versus 2.17 L/min/m(2) (P = 0.001). The hemodynamic response was highest in the quadripolar in comparison to unipolar-simulated and bipolar configurations, with an increase of 29%, 23%, and 27%, respectively, in relation to the reference CI and with an increase of 22%, 11%, and 18%, respectively, in relation to the reference indexed SV (P < 0.05, for the comparison between unipolar-simulated and quadripolar configurations). Twelve patients (44%) showed the best hemodynamic response by pacing from any of the two distal electrodes and 15 patients (56%) by pacing from the two proximal electrodes. Finally, CRT responder rates were higher in quadripolar versus bipolar and unipolar-simulated configurations: 90%, 85%, and 75%, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: The quadripolar LV lead was associated with a better hemodynamic response and higher CRT responder rates when compared with unipolar-simulated and bipolar LV leads.
Joaquín Osca; Pau Alonso; Oscar Cano; Juan Miguel Sánchez; David Tejada; Ana Andrés; María José Sancho Tello; José Olagüe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-12-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8159     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  2014 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
©2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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