Document Detail


Use of the OSCE to evaluate brief communication skills training for dental students.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17761627     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although communications competency is recommended by the American Dental Education Association, only a few (n=5) dental schools report evaluating students' skills using a competency examination for communication. This study used an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) to evaluate dental students' competency in interpersonal and tobacco cessation communication skills. All students were evaluated on their interpersonal communication skills at baseline and at six months post-OSCE by standardized patients and on their tobacco cessation communication skills by two independent raters. First- and second-year dental students (n=104) were randomized to a control or intervention group. One month after the baseline OSCE, students in the intervention group participated in a two-hour training session in which faculty members communicated with a standardized patient during a head and neck examination and counseled the patient about tobacco cessation. There were no statistically significant differences from baseline to post-test between the intervention and control group students as measured by the OSCE. However, among first-year students, both the intervention (n=23) and control (n=21) groups significantly increased in tobacco cessation communication scores. Second-year students in both intervention (n=24) and control (n=28) groups declined in interpersonal communication skills from baseline to post-test. Overall, this one-shot intervention was not successful, and results suggest that a comprehensive communication skills training course may be more beneficial than a single, brief training session for improving dental students' communication skills.
Authors:
Gabrielle F Cannick; Alice M Horowitz; David R Garr; Susan G Reed; Brad W Neville; Terry A Day; Robert F Woolson; Daniel T Lackland
Related Documents :
21348387 - Training challenge: when the patient speaks a different language.
17073197 - Communication skills training in oncology: it works!
2302917 - Speech development.
21938657 - Using virtual reality environment to facilitate training with advanced upper-limb prost...
23017637 - Monte carlo simulation of the cost-effectiveness of sample size maintenance programs re...
22733637 - What motivates family physicians to participate in training programs in shared decision...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dental education     Volume:  71     ISSN:  0022-0337     ISO Abbreviation:  J Dent Educ     Publication Date:  2007 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-08-31     Completed Date:  2007-11-08     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8000150     Medline TA:  J Dent Educ     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1203-9     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Affiliation:
Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Clinical Competence*
Communication*
Counseling / education
Diagnosis, Oral / education
Education, Dental*
Humans
Professional-Patient Relations*
Smoking / prevention & control
Smoking Cessation
Students, Dental*
Teaching / methods*
Tobacco Use Cessation
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
F30 DE017046-02/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS; F30DE017046-01/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Factors influencing candidates' choice of a pediatric dental residency program.
Next Document:  Accreditation of dental programs in Australia: a thematic analysis of recommendations, 1996-2004.