Document Detail

Use of Input Impedance to Determine Changes in the Resistance of Arterial Vessels at Different Levels in Feline Femoral Bed.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24781532     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
In many studies, the functional state of vessels of different caliber was determined by fitting the lumped parameters of a mathematical model of the bed in order to fit the vascular input impedance (Z in) data. However, reliability of the results obtained in such a way remains uncertain. In this study, we employed a mathematical model with seven lumped parameters and Z in experimental data to analyze the distribution of resistance across the arterial bed of the hind limb in anesthetized cats, to test reliability of this distribution and to describe the process of ascending arterial dilation followed occlusion of iliac artery. The vascular bed was divided into three segments: large arteries, medium-sized arterial vessels and precapillary resistance vessels together with venous part of the bed. Based on the data of Z in measured in a wide frequency range (from 0 to 150 Hz) we showed that pharmacologically induced constriction and dilation of the arterial microvessels were reflected in the model by the changes in the resistance of distal precapillary vessels only, whereas the local constriction or dilation of femoral and iliac arteries as well as artificial stenosis of the femoral artery resulted exclusively in the changes of the resistance describing the state of large arteries. Using the input impedance method we could demonstrate and quantitatively describe the process of ascending arterial dilation during the post-occlusion (reactive) hyperemia. All these results prove that the model of vascular bed with seven lumped elements used in combination with input hydraulic impedance data can be an effective tool permitted to quantitatively analyze the functional state of arterial vessels of different caliber and to describe the changes in resistance of arterial vessels during vascular reactions.
Alexey Yu Naumov; Sergey A Balashov; Arthur M Melkumyants
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-4-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of biomedical engineering     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-9686     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Biomed Eng     Publication Date:  2014 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-4-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0361512     Medline TA:  Ann Biomed Eng     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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