Document Detail


Use of a 24-hour recall diary to assess exposure to environmental tobacco smoke.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8638966     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Methods to assess exposure to environmental tobacco smoke need to be valid and relatively easy to use. We therefore explored the use of a 24-h environmental tobacco smoke exposure-recall diary by comparing data from the 24-h diary with questionnaire responses and levels of salivary cotinine--a biochemical marker of environmental tobacco smoke exposure. A total of 875 nonsmokers at five Rhode Island worksites participated in the study. Twenty-five percent of the participants lived with smokers, and 96% had regular exposure to environmental tobacco smoke at work. Individuals who lived with smokers reported more exposures in the 24-h diary, both outside of work and during work hours, compared with those who had no smokers in their household. The correlation between saliva cotinine concentrations and the exposures recorded in the diary was weak (r = .10). Brief instruments for assessment of environmental tobacco smoke should be viewed cautiously, and use of this 24-h recall diary is not recommended.
Authors:
K M Emmons; B H Marcus; D B Abrams; R Marshall; T E Novotny; M E Kane; R A Etzel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of environmental health     Volume:  51     ISSN:  0003-9896     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Environ. Health     Publication Date:    1996 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-07-05     Completed Date:  1996-07-05     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0212627     Medline TA:  Arch Environ Health     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  146-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Miriam Hospital and Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Cotinine / analysis*
Environmental Exposure
Environmental Monitoring / methods*
Female
Humans
Male
Medical Records
Mental Recall
Questionnaires
Saliva / chemistry*
Tobacco Smoke Pollution*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
1-R03-CA 48437/CA/NCI NIH HHS; 450-CCU-102970//PHS HHS; CA 383309/CA/NCI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Tobacco Smoke Pollution; 486-56-6/Cotinine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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