Document Detail

Urinary sodium excretion, dietary sources of sodium intake and knowledge and practices around salt use in a group of healthy Australian women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20649774     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Strategies that aim to facilitate reduction of the salt content of foods in Australia are hampered by sparse and outdated data on habitual salt intakes. This study assessed habitual sodium intake through urinary excretion analyses, and identified food sources of dietary sodium, as well as knowledge and practices related to salt use in healthy women.
METHODS: Cross-sectional, convenient sample of 76 women aged 20 to 55 years, Wollongong, NSW. Data included a 24 hour urine sample, three-day food diary and a self-administered questionnaire.
RESULTS: Mean Na excretion equated to a NaCl (salt) intake of 6.41 (SD=2.61) g/day; 43% had values <6 g/day. Food groups contributing to dietary sodium were: bread and cereals (27%); dressings/sauces (20%); meat/egg-based dishes (18%); snacks/desserts/extras (11%); and milk and dairy products (11%). Approximately half the sample reported using salt in cooking or at the table. Dietary practices reflected a high awareness of salt-related health issues and a good knowledge of food sources of sodium.
CONCLUSION: These findings from a sample of healthy women in the Illawarra indicate that dietary sodium intakes are lower in this group than previously reported in Australia. However, personal food choices and high levels of awareness of the salt reduction messages are not enough to achieve more stringent dietary targets of <4 g salt per day.
IMPLICATIONS: Urinary Na excretion data are required from a larger nationally representative sample to confirm habitual salt intakes. The bread and cereals food group are an obvious target for sodium reduction strategies in manufactured foods.
Karen Charlton; Heather Yeatman; Fiona Houweling; Sophie Guenon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Australian and New Zealand journal of public health     Volume:  34     ISSN:  1753-6405     ISO Abbreviation:  Aust N Z J Public Health     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-23     Completed Date:  2010-09-14     Revised Date:  2014-07-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9611095     Medline TA:  Aust N Z J Public Health     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  356-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet Records
Food Habits
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Middle Aged
Sodium / urine*
Sodium Chloride, Dietary / administration & dosage*
Sodium, Dietary / administration & dosage*
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Sodium Chloride, Dietary; 0/Sodium, Dietary; 9NEZ333N27/Sodium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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