Document Detail


Urinary leukotriene E4 in preschool children with acute clinical viral wheeze.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12570124     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cysteinyl leukotrienes (cystLTs) are important mediators of wheeze in atopic asthma, but the role of cystLTs in the pathogenesis of preschool viral wheeze (PVW) is unclear. Therefore, evidence for increased production of cystLTs in PVW was sought. Urinary leukotriene E4 (uLTE4) and serum total immunoglobulin (Ig)E were measured in children (1-5 yrs) with PVW during an acute attack (n=44) and in the convalescent phase (n=19), and compared with normal controls (n=15). The effect of atopic sensitisation was assessed in a separate group of atopic controls (n=6) in whom only uLTE4 was measured. The levels of uLTE4 were similar in normal and atopic controls and increased in acute PVW (median (interquartile range) 165 (101-285) versus 125 (82-163) ng x mM creatinine(-1)). Stratification by IgE showed that whereas uLTE4 was increased in 23 children with acute PVW and IgE > 95th percentile (median 211 (118-312) ng x mM creatinine(-1)), uLTE4 was not increased in the 21 children with acute PVW and IgE < or = 95th percentile. In the convalescent phase, uLTE4 fell in the subgroup with high IgE but not in the subgroup with low IgE. It is concluded that increased cysteinyl leukotriene production during acute preschool viral wheeze is associated with high serum immunoglobulin E.
Authors:
A Oommen; J Grigg
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The European respiratory journal     Volume:  21     ISSN:  0903-1936     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. Respir. J.     Publication Date:  2003 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-02-06     Completed Date:  2003-05-16     Revised Date:  2013-05-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8803460     Medline TA:  Eur Respir J     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  149-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Leicester Children's Asthma Centre, Institute for Lung Health, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child, Preschool
Female
Humans
Hypersensitivity, Immediate / diagnosis*
Immunoglobulin E / blood
Infant
Leukotriene E4 / urine*
Male
Respiratory Sounds
Virus Diseases / diagnosis*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
37341-29-0/Immunoglobulin E; 75715-89-8/Leukotriene E4

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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