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Urinary and glomerular podocytes in patients with chronic kidney diseases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23670304     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUNDS: Podocytes are highly differentiated epithelial cells involved in glomerular filtration. This study determines the clinical and histological significance of podocyte detachment and excretion in urine in patients with chronic kidney diseases. METHODS: Renal biopsy was performed in 59 patients (30 males, 29 females; mean age 48 ± 2 years), including 24 patients with immunoglobulin (Ig)A nephropathy, six each with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, membranous nephropathy, and minimal change nephrotic syndrome, and 17 with other renal disorders. The number of glomerular podocytes and severity of morphological damage were evaluated in renal biopsy samples. Urinary podocytes were detected by anti-human podocalyxin antibody. The urinary IgG/albumin ratio and urinary peroxide products were assessed by gel electrophoresis and the 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein-diacetate method, respectively. RESULTS: A decrease in glomerular podocytes was associated with age (r = -0.33; P < 0.05), glomerulosclerosis (r = -0.43; P < 0.01), tubulointerstitial lesions (r = -0.46; P < 0.01), and low estimated glomerular filtration rates (r = 0.32; P < 0.05). Increased urinary podocyte excretion correlated with proteinuria (r = 0.36; P < 0.01), and was observed more frequently in patients with active histological lesions. Podocyte loss correlated with lower selectivity of proteinuria in patients with minimal change nephrotic syndrome and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (r = -0.90; P < 0.001). Moreover, urinary peroxide products increased in association with glomerulosclerosis (r = 0.39; P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Urinary podocyte excretion reflects ongoing glomerular injury in various kidney diseases, and podocyte loss correlated with glomerulosclerosis and impaired selectivity of proteinuria.
Authors:
Kikuno Hanamura; Akihiro Tojo; Toshiro Fujita
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-5-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical and experimental nephrology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1437-7799     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Exp. Nephrol.     Publication Date:  2013 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-5-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9709923     Medline TA:  Clin Exp Nephrol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Division of Nephrology and Endocrinology, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8655, Japan, khanamura-tky@umin.ac.jp.
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