Document Detail


Urinary fluoride excretion by preschool children in six European countries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15016119     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To measure and compare 24-h urinary fluoride excretion in children aged 1.5-3.5 years from European study sites and to use these data to estimate the 24-h fluoride intake. METHOD: Twenty-four-hour urine samples were collected from 3-year-old children (n = 86) who were already participating in a European multicentre study. Samples were collected from Cork, Ireland (n = 19) where the water is fluoridated to a concentration between 0.8 and 1.0 ppm and from five sites with a water fluoride concentration <0.15 ppm: Knowsley, England (n = 18); Oulu, Finland (n = 18); Reykjavik, Iceland (n = 4); Haarlem, the Netherlands (n = 6); Almada/Setubal, Portugal (n = 21). The volume of the samples was measured; they were analysed for fluoride concentration and the 24-h urinary fluoride excretion was calculated. From this an estimate of the daily fluoride intake was made. RESULTS: It was found that the mean fluoride excretion in response to the usual conditions of fluoride intake in the children in the nonfluoridated areas ranged from 0.16 mg (+/-0.08) in Oulu to 0.33 mg (+/-0.27) in Almada/Setubal with an overall mean of 0.23 mg (+/-0.19). The mean 24-h fluoride excretion in fluoridated Cork was 0.37 mg (+/-0.11). There was a significant difference between the fluoride excretion in the nonfluoridated areas and that in the fluoridated areas, and the data were broadly in agreement with WHO standards. CONCLUSIONS: The daily urinary fluoride excretion and estimated fluoride intake in these children appeared to be within acceptable limits.
Authors:
Clare E Ketley; Judith A Cochran; W Peter Holbrook; Leonor Sanches; Cor van Loveren; Anna-Maria Oila; Denis M O'Mullane
Related Documents :
7855089 - Tannic acid content in sorghum (sorghum bicolour m.): effects of processing.
7118519 - In vitro effects of iodinated contrast media on the growth of staphylococci.
18965409 - Titrimetric determination of fluoride in some pharmaceutical products used for fluorida...
16510229 - Fluoride levels in various black tea commodities: measurement and safety evaluation.
11409299 - Bioavailability of iodine from normal diets rich in dairy products--results of balance ...
18155499 - Setting expansion of gray and white mineral trioxide aggregate and portland cement.
20656099 - The beverage intake questionnaire: determining initial validity and reliability.
23680029 - Nutritional contribution of street foods to the diet of people in developing countries:...
19119709 - Natural history of food allergy in infants and children in israel.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Community dentistry and oral epidemiology     Volume:  32 Suppl 1     ISSN:  0301-5661     ISO Abbreviation:  Community Dent Oral Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2004 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-03-12     Completed Date:  2004-04-27     Revised Date:  2009-01-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410263     Medline TA:  Community Dent Oral Epidemiol     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  62-8     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical Dental Sciences, The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK. C.E.Ketley@liverpool.ac.uk
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Cariostatic Agents / administration & dosage*
Child, Preschool
England
Finland
Fluoridation
Fluorides / administration & dosage*,  urine*
Humans
Iceland
Ireland
Netherlands
Portugal
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cariostatic Agents; 0/Fluorides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Fluoride ingestion from toothpaste: fluoride recovered from the toothbrush, the expectorate and the ...
Next Document:  A European perspective on fluoride use in seven countries.