Document Detail

Urinary iodide excretion in adults in germany 2005 meets WHO target.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19998244     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Recent regional and germanwide investigations have shown that the abolition of the requirement to declare iodine in foodstuffs and the greater emphasis on information about goitre prevention led to an increase in urinary iodine excretion in German schoolchildren. There was also a decrease in thyroid size and goitre prevalence in children. No up to date results in adults for the whole of Germany are available. METHODS: In 2005 we examined the urinary iodine excretion in the spontaneous morning urine of 1 538 healthy adults in 357 places from all over Germany. The iodine was measured by the Cer- arsenit method. RESULTS: The median iodine excretion amounted to 132 microg/l. There were no significant differences between age groups, sexes or regions. 64% had no iodine deficiency (>100 microg/l). In 23% the deficiency was slight (50-99 microg/l), in 10% moderate (20-49 microg/l) and in 3% there was severe iodine deficiency (<20 microg/l). 29% excreted >200 microg iodide per litre urine. CONCLUSION: According to the WHO guidelines, there is no longer an iodine deficiency in German adults.
R Hampel; G Bennöhr; A Gordalla; H Below
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-12-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental and clinical endocrinology & diabetes : official journal, German Society of Endocrinology [and] German Diabetes Association     Volume:  118     ISSN:  1439-3646     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp. Clin. Endocrinol. Diabetes     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-14     Completed Date:  2010-07-09     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9505926     Medline TA:  Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  254-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
(c) J. A. Barth Verlag in Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart. New York.
Clinic of Internal Medicine, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, University of Rostock, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Double-Blind Method
Food, Fortified
Germany / epidemiology
Goiter / epidemiology*
Iodides / urine*
Iodine / deficiency*
Middle Aged
Organ Size
Population Surveillance
Statistics, Nonparametric
Thyroid Gland / drug effects,  pathology*
World Health Organization
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Iodides; 7553-56-2/Iodine

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