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Uremic anorexia and ghrelin expression in the amygdala.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22960364     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ghrelin can act as a signal for mealtime hunger and meal initiation. Amygdala is indispensable in appetitive behavior motivated by learned emotions. This study was to investigate the alteration of ghrelin in the amygdala of rats with chronic renal failure (CRF) and its relation with uremic anorexia. METHODS: SD rats were randomly classified into CRF group and control group (n=16 per group). The CRF model was constructed using 5/6 nephrectomy. When plasma creatinine (PCr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) in the CRF group were twice more than the normal level, food intake (g/24h) was measured and then all rats were killed for detection of ghrelin protein expression in the amygdala using immunohistochemical analysis and mRNA expression using RT-PCT. Statistics was conducted with one-way analysis of variance, Student-Newman-Keuls-q test and correlation analysis. RESULTS: By the 8th week after the surgery, the BUN and PCr of CRF rats exceeded double the normal level, and their food intake was obviously decreased compared with the controls (P<0.05). The protein and mRNA expression of ghrelin in the amygdala of CRF group were significantly reduced, and there was a positive correlation between this reduction and the decrease in food intake (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The reduction of amygdala's ghrelin in CRF rats may be associated with uremic anorexia.
Authors:
Rong-Guo Fu; Rong-Liang Xue; Jing Wang; Li-Qun Ma; Jian-Rui Lv; Li Wang; Gang-Lian Yao; Heng Ge; Zhao Chen; Zhao-Yang Duan; Yarong Wang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuroscience letters     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-7972     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurosci. Lett.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7600130     Medline TA:  Neurosci Lett     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of Nephrology, Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710004, Shaanxi Province, China.
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