Document Detail


Urbanisation and women's health in Khayelitsha. Part I. Demographic and socio-economic profile.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2020879     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Demographic and socio-economic data and information on migration patterns and urban/rural links was collected from 722 households in the formal housing area and the serviced and the unserviced site areas of Khayelitsha; 659 women and 61 men were interviewed. Thirty-eight per cent of the population were aged under 15 years and 77% under 35 years. There was a predominance of females in the 5-35-year age group. There was a mean of 4.9 persons per household, and 93.5% of sites contained 1 dwelling. Of the 659 female respondents, 7% had received no formal education, 39% had primary school education, and 54% had secondary school education. Unemployment among women was 45%. Domestic service accounted for 66.2% of formal employment. Of all women 86% were unskilled, 71.9% had been born in a 'homeland', and 69.7% had migrated to an urban area before 1985. Ties to the rural areas were strong, particularly in the 'shack' areas. 'New arrivals' to an urban area were young, mostly unemployed, and lived in the worst environmental conditions. In the unserviced 'shack' areas, 47.5% of women had migrated to an urban area in the last 5 years. There are important target areas for a study of the health effects of urbanisation and for possible interventions. This study tends to confirm the 'quadruple' oppression of women in Khayelitsha, on the basis of race, social class and gender and as new arrivals in an urban environment.
Authors:
D Cooper; W M Pick; J E Myers; M N Hoffman; A R Sayed; J M Klopper
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  South African medical journal = Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir geneeskunde     Volume:  79     ISSN:  0256-9574     ISO Abbreviation:  S. Afr. Med. J.     Publication Date:  1991 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-05-29     Completed Date:  1991-05-29     Revised Date:  2014-09-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404520     Medline TA:  S Afr Med J     Country:  SOUTH AFRICA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  423-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
African Americans*
African Continental Ancestry Group
Aged
Demography
Female
Humans
Middle Aged
Socioeconomic Factors
South Africa
Time Factors
Urbanization*
Women's Health*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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