Document Detail


Urbanicity affects blood pressure and heart rate reactivity to a speech stressor in Cameroon.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20828098     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To examine the interactive influence of urbanicity on cardiovascular reactivity to speech stressors among 103 urban and 93 rural Cameroonians.
METHOD: Heart rate, systolic, and diastolic blood pressure (HR, SBP, and DBP) changes from baseline were assessed during a speech preparation period, speech stressor task, and post-speech recovery period.
RESULTS: After adjusting for income, age, BMI, and sex, urban subjects showed greater diastolic reactivity to the pre-speech and speech conditions than to recovery. Urban subjects also showed greater reactivity to the speech stressor than to other conditions. Urban subjects showed greater HR reactivity to the speech stressor. Rural subjects showed greater diastolic reactivity to the pre-speech and speech stressor and less recovery.
CONCLUSION: Urbanicity affects blood pressure and heart rate differently for urban and rural Cameroonians. It also affects recovery from stressors. More exploration into the influence of urbanization on hypertension risk factors in developing countries is warranted.
Authors:
Cheryl A Armstead; Norman B Anderson; Lucile L Adams-Campbell; James R Hébert; Walinjom F T Muna
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ethnicity & disease     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1049-510X     ISO Abbreviation:  Ethn Dis     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-10     Completed Date:  2010-11-02     Revised Date:  2013-09-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9109034     Medline TA:  Ethn Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  251-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology & Statewide Cancer Prevention & Control Program, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA. armstead@mailbox.sc.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Analysis of Variance
Blood Pressure / physiology*
Cameroon
Chi-Square Distribution
Female
Heart Rate / physiology*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Questionnaires
Rural Population
Speech
Stress, Psychological / physiopathology*
Urban Population
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
K05 CA136975/CA/NCI NIH HHS; K05 CA136975-03/CA/NCI NIH HHS; KOS CA136975/CA/NCI NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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