Document Detail

Urban youths' perspectives on violence and the necessity of fighting.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15470008     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: To assess youth perceptions of the causes and consequences of violence generally, the causes and consequences of fighting specifically, and to determine how best to approach fighting in the context of violence prevention activities. METHODS: Thirteen structured focus group interviews with youths from three high violence urban settings: a large, urban high school, a training center for disadvantaged youths, and a school for adjudicated youths. Participants were 120 urban, predominately African-American youths and young adults ages 14-22 years (mean: 17.2 years). Seven focus groups were conducted with females, and six with males. RESULTS: Adolescents identified the causes of violence on multiple levels including: individual, family, interpersonal, and community level factors. Most youths (89%) had been in a physical fight. Participants felt that fighting was not "right", but identified situations in which it was necessary. Specifically, fighting was used as a problem solving tool, and could prevent escalation of violence. Youths felt that the adults in their lives, including physicians, were generally ill equipped to give advice about violence, as adults' experiences were so removed from their own. Participants looked to experienced role models to offer problem solving and harm reduction strategies. Youths were open to receiving anticipatory guidance about violence and fighting from primary care physicians they felt comfortable with, and who showed respect for their experiences. CONCLUSIONS: Interventions that include blanket admonitions against fighting should be reassessed in light of youth perceptions that fighting plays a complex role in both inciting and preventing more serious violence.
S B Johnson; S Frattaroli; J L Wright; C B Pearson-Fields; T L Cheng
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Injury prevention : journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1353-8047     ISO Abbreviation:  Inj. Prev.     Publication Date:  2004 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-10-07     Completed Date:  2004-12-09     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9510056     Medline TA:  Inj Prev     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  287-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Adolescent Behavior*
Aggression / psychology
Agonistic Behavior*
District of Columbia
Focus Groups
Problem Solving
Urban Health*
Violence / prevention & control,  psychology*
Grant Support
R49/CCR331657/CC/CDC HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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