Document Detail

Uptake and tissue distribution of C4-C7 alkylphenols in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua): relevance for biomonitoring of produced water discharges from oil production.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18945454     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The sensitivity of different tissues for assessment of chronic low-dose environmental exposure of fish to alkylphenols (APs) was investigated. We exposed Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) in the laboratory to tritium labelled 4-tert-butylphenol, 4n-pentylphenol, 4n-hexylphenol, and 4n-heptylphenol via seawater (8 ng/l) and via contaminated feed (5 microg/kg fish per day). Measurements of different fish tissues during eight days of exposure and eight subsequent days of recovery revealed that APs administered via spiked seawater were readily taken up whereas the uptake was far less efficient when APs were administered in spiked feed. AP residues were mainly located in the bile fluid whereas the concentrations in liver were very low, indicating a rapid excretion and the liver-bile axis to be the major route of elimination. The biological half-life of APs in the exposed cod was short, between 10 and 20 h. Our study shows that in connection with biomonitoring of AP exposure in fish, assessment of AP metabolites in bile fluid is a more sensitive tool than detection of parent AP levels in liver or other internal tissues.
Rolf C Sundt; Thierry Baussant; Jonny Beyer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-10-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Marine pollution bulletin     Volume:  58     ISSN:  0025-326X     ISO Abbreviation:  Mar. Pollut. Bull.     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-12     Completed Date:  2009-03-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0260231     Medline TA:  Mar Pollut Bull     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  72-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
IRIS-International Research Institute of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Feed / analysis
Bile / chemistry
Biological Markers / analysis
Environmental Monitoring / methods*
Gadus morhua / metabolism*
Liver / chemistry
Phenols / analysis,  pharmacokinetics*
Seawater / chemistry*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Biological Markers; 0/Petroleum; 0/Phenols

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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