Document Detail


Uptake of dissolved free amino acids by the scleractinian coral Stylophora pistillata.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18310111     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study was designed to assess the importance of dissolved free amino acids (DFAA) as a nitrogen source for the scleractinian coral Stylophora pistillata. For this purpose, experiments were performed using (15)N-enriched DFAAs, and %(15)N enrichment was measured both in animal tissue and zooxanthellae at different DFAA concentrations, incubation time and light levels. As previously observed for urea, which is another source of organic nitrogen, DFAA uptake exhibited a biphasic mode consisting of an active carrier-mediated transport for concentrations below 3 micromol l(-1) and a linear uptake for higher concentrations. The value of the carrier affinity (K(m)=1.23 micromol l(-1) DFAA) indicated good adaptation of the corals to the low levels of DFAA concentrations measured in most oligotrophic waters. DFAA uptake was also correlated with light. The DFAA contribution to the nitrogen requirements for tissue growth was compared to the contribution of ammonia, nitrate and urea, for which uptake was also measured in S. pistillata. Inorganic sources (NH(4)(+) and NO(3)(-)) contributed 75% of the daily nitrogen needs against 24% for organic sources. Taken altogether, dissolved organic and inorganic nitrogen can supply almost 100% of the nitrogen needs for tissue growth.
Authors:
Renaud Grover; Jean-François Maguer; Denis Allemand; Christine Ferrier-Pagès
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of experimental biology     Volume:  211     ISSN:  0022-0949     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Exp. Biol.     Publication Date:  2008 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-03-03     Completed Date:  2008-06-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0243705     Medline TA:  J Exp Biol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  860-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Centre Scientifique de Monaco, Avenue Saint Martin, MC-98000, Monaco. rgrover@centrescientifique.mc
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Amino Acids / metabolism*
Animals
Anthozoa / metabolism*
Biological Transport, Active
Dinoflagellida / metabolism
Kinetics
Models, Biological
Nitrogen / metabolism
Nitrogen Isotopes
Spectrometry, Fluorescence
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Amino Acids; 0/Nitrogen Isotopes; 7727-37-9/Nitrogen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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