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Uptake of F-18 FDG and ultrasound analysis of carotid plaque.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21279492     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the relation between the echolucent plaque on carotid ultrasound and acute inflammation on F-18 FDG carotid PET/CT. METHODS: Thirty nine patients (M:F ratio = 23:16, mean age = 63 ± 11 years) that underwent coronary angiography and carotid ultrasound were divided into three groups-echolucent plaque (n = 22), calcified (n = 10), and no plaque(n = 7). All the patients underwent F-18 FDG carotid PET/CT. The mean standardized uptake values (SUV), namely target to background ratio (TBR) on 180 minutes delayed F-18 FDG carotid PET/CT images were compared with levels of serum inflammatory markers and lipid profiles, and in terms of the presence of carotid plaque on carotid US. RESULTS: 180 minutes TBR of carotid arterial wall at echolucent plaque, calcified plaque, and no plaque were 1.40 ± 0.05, 1.23 ± 0.03, 1.17 ± 0.03 in both carotid artery. TBR of carotid arterial walls for echolucent plaque were significantly larger than TBR for calcified, and no plaque respectively at the both side of carotid artery (P < .05). Serum HDL levels were found to be inversely correlated with F-18 FDG uptake at both carotid arteries (r = -0.43, P = .005) on 180 minutes delayed phase images. Also serum hs-CRP levels were found to be correlated with F-18 FDG TBR values of right carotid arteries (r = 0.41, P = .04). CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that F-18 FDG carotid PET/CT can depict metabolically active atherosclerotic plaques, and suggest that F-18 FDG carotid PET/CT can be used as a noninvasive imaging modality for functional evaluation of atherosclerosis.
Authors:
Yun-Seok Choi; Ho-Joong Youn; Woo-Baek Chung; Hui-Jeong Hwang; Dong-Hyeon Lee; Chul-Soo Park; Jae-Beom Lee; Pum-Joon Kim; Wook-Sung Chung; Man-Young Lee; Kie-Bae Seung; Yong-Ahn Chung
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-1-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nuclear cardiology : official publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-6551     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9423534     Medline TA:  J Nucl Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, #505 Banpo-dong, Seocho-gu, Seoul, 137-701, Korea.
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