Document Detail

Update on cardiac arrhythmias in the ICU.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18787448     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To explore recent findings on the treatment and outcome of cardiac arrhythmias and how they affect ICU activities. RECENT FINDINGS: The rate vs. rhythm control debate for the treatment of chronic atrial fibrillation continues. It is still unclear whether the postcardiac surgery inflammatory response contributes to the development of atrial fibrillation. In noncardiothoracic surgery/trauma patients hospitalized in an ICU, new-onset supraventricular arrhythmias are associated with markedly elevated mortality when compared with patients with a prior history of such arrhythmias and patients who do not develop arrhythmias. The onset of new supraventricular arrhythmias in such patients appears to be a manifestation of multiple system organ failure as it is closely associated with sepsis. Cardioversion of supraventricular arrhythmias with biphasic waveforms is being studied to determine whether it is more effective than cardioversion with monophasic waveforms. SUMMARY: Supraventricular arrhythmias, especially atrial fibrillation, occur frequently in ICU patients. Intensivists not only treat atrial fibrillation itself but also its complications and the complications of the therapies used to prevent these complications. In ICU patients, ventricular arrhythmias have ominous implications because they usually portend either a major cardiac or a systemic dysfunction or both.
Sergei Goodman; Yoram Weiss; Charles Weissman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current opinion in critical care     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1531-7072     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Opin Crit Care     Publication Date:  2008 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-09-12     Completed Date:  2008-12-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9504454     Medline TA:  Curr Opin Crit Care     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  549-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Hebrew University-Hadassah School of Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Arrhythmias, Cardiac / physiopathology*
Intensive Care Units*
Postoperative Care

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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