Document Detail


Up-regulating the human intestinal microbiome using whole plant foods - polyphenols and/or fiber.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22607578     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Whole plant foods, including fruit, vegetables and whole grain cereals, protect against chronic human diseases like heart disease and cancer, with fiber and polyphenols thought to contribute significantly. These bioactive food components interact with the gut microbiota, with gut bacteria modifying polyphenol bioavailability and activity, and fiber constituting the main energy source for colonic fermentation. Here we discuss the consequences of increasing consumption of whole plant foods on the gut microbiota and subsequent implications for human health. In humans, whole grain cereals can modify faecal bacterial profiles, increasing relative numbers of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli. Polyphenol rich chocolate and certain fruits, have also been shown to increase faecal bifidobacteria. The recent FLAVURS study is providing novel information on the impact of high fruit and vegetable diets on the gut microbiota. Increasing whole plant food consumption appears to up-regulate beneficial commensal bacteria and may contribute towards the health effects of these foods.
Authors:
Kieran M Tuohy; Lorenza Conterno; Mattia Gasperotti; Roberto Viola
Related Documents :
9572808 - Patent foramen ovale and decompression sickness in sports divers.
22906298 - Biomonitoring the cooked meat carcinogen 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridin...
3612848 - Effects of seat belts and injuries resulting from improper use.
1930068 - Prescriptive eyeglass use by u.s. navy jet pilots: effects on air-to-air target detection.
17164168 - Food-associated bacteria in bioaerosols of delicatessens.
12862218 - The role of organic matter lost in kraft pulping material balances .
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of agricultural and food chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1520-5118     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374755     Medline TA:  J Agric Food Chem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Daidzein improves insulin resistance in ovariectomized rats.
Next Document:  Single oral doses of netazepide (YF476), a gastrin receptor antagonist, cause dose-dependent, sustai...