Document Detail

Unusual facial markings and lethal mechanisms in a series of gasoline inhalation deaths.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12960669     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A review of deaths associated with hydrocarbon toxicity from gasoline sniffing in South Australia throughout a 10 year period from July 1987 to June 2002 revealed 4 cases. The victims were all Aboriginal people from remote inland communities. Each death had occurred while the victim was lying in bed sniffing gasoline from a can held to the face. Once unconsciousness had occurred, the mouth and nose had been pressed firmly against the can by the weight of the head. In each case, the effects of gasoline toxicity had been exacerbated by hypoxia and hypercapnia from rebreathing into the container once a tight seal had been established between the face and the can. The circular impressions left by the can edges on the faces of each of the victims provided an autopsy marker that assisted in clarifying the details of the fatal episodes. Discouraging solitary gasoline sniffing in bed may reduce the death rate in communities where this behavior is practiced.
Roger W Byard; Wayne C Chivell; John D Gilbert
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0195-7910     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Forensic Med Pathol     Publication Date:  2003 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-09-08     Completed Date:  2004-02-04     Revised Date:  2011-02-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8108948     Medline TA:  Am J Forensic Med Pathol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  298-302     Citation Subset:  IM    
Forensic Science Centre and State Coroner's Office, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Administration, Inhalation
Air Pollutants / poisoning*
Anoxia / etiology
Face / pathology*
Forensic Medicine
Gasoline / poisoning*
Hypercapnia / etiology
Oceanic Ancestry Group
Substance-Related Disorders / diagnosis*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants; 0/Gasoline

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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