Document Detail

Untreated ADHD in adults: are there sex differences in symptoms, comorbidity, and impairment?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18367759     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To analyze sex differences among adult, never-treated patients referred for central stimulant treatment of ADHD. METHOD: Data for 600 consecutive patients from northern Norway referred for evaluation by an expert team during 7 years were analyzed. General background information, diagnostic and social history, and symptom profiles were compared between previously never-treated men and women. RESULTS: The sex ratio was skewed. Of the previously untreated patients, more than 20% fell outside society's ordinary vocational activities or social benefit system. Most patients had the combined form, one third the inattentive type, and only 2% the hyperactive/impulsive subtype. Abuse and criminality were more common among men, and affective, eating, and somatization disorders were more common among women. Otherwise few sex differences were found. CONCLUSION: AD/HD symptom intensity and subtypes did not differ between the sexes and was unrelated to age. Symptom intensity was linked with criminality, abuse, and other psychiatric problems, differentially for the two sexes.
Kirsten Rasmussen; Sten Levander
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-03-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of attention disorders     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1087-0547     ISO Abbreviation:  J Atten Disord     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-19     Completed Date:  2009-03-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9615686     Medline TA:  J Atten Disord     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  353-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway.
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MeSH Terms
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / diagnosis*,  epidemiology*
Crime / statistics & numerical data
International Classification of Diseases
Mental Retardation / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Severity of Illness Index
Somatoform Disorders / diagnosis,  epidemiology
Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology
Withholding Treatment / statistics & numerical data*
Young Adult

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