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Unique reactivity of Fe nanoparticles-defective graphene composites toward NH(x) (x = 0, 1, 2, 3) adsorption: a first-principles study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23034526     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We investigated the electronic structure of Fe nanoparticle-graphene composites and the impact of the interfacial interaction on NH(x) (x = 0, 1, 2, 3) adsorption by first-principles based calculations. We found that Fe(13) nanoparticles can be stabilized by the sp(2) dangling bonds on single vacancy graphene substrate with a binding energy up to -7.07 eV. This interaction not only deformed the carbon atoms around the defect and gave rise to the stability of the Fe nanoparticle against sintering, but also had significant impact on the adsorption of NH(x) that is related to the catalytic performance of these composites in NH(3) decomposition. Doping of the single vacancy graphene with N or B can finely tune the adsorption of NH(x). Further analysis revealed that the calculated adsorption energies of NH(x) on these composites correlated well with the shift of the average d-band center of the Fe nanoparticles and they were around the peak of the activity-adsorption energy curve for NH(3) decomposition catalysts, especially when doped with B. The optimal adsorption of NH(x) on Fe nanoparticles deposited on boron-doped defective graphene suggests the possible high stability and superior catalytic performance of these composites in the low-temperature catalytic decomposition of NH(3).
Authors:
Xin Liu; Changgong Meng; Yu Han
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physical chemistry chemical physics : PCCP     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1463-9084     ISO Abbreviation:  Phys Chem Chem Phys     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100888160     Medline TA:  Phys Chem Chem Phys     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
School of Chemistry, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, 116024, China. xliu@dlut.edu.cn.
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