Document Detail

Unique patterns of dietary adequacy in three cultures of Canadian Arctic indigenous peoples.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17610753     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Information is needed on dietary adequacy of Arctic indigenous populations in Canada. Extensive work has been completed on composition of Arctic food and food use, and dietary reference intakes are available. OBJECTIVE: To complete the first comprehensive dietary adequacy assessment of three populations of adult Arctic indigenous people. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Dietary assessment interviews were conducted with randomly selected indigenous adults during two seasons in 44 representative communities of Yukon First Nations (n = 797), Dene/Métis, (n = 1007) and Inuit (n = 1525). METHODS: Twenty-four-hour recalls were used to derive adjusted distributions of usual nutrient intakes in four age/gender groups for assessment of dietary adequacy for carbohydrate, dietary fibre, protein, n-3 fatty acids, n-6 fatty acids, calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, selenium, zinc, vitamin A, riboflavin, folate, vitamin B6, vitamin C, vitamin D and vitamin E. RESULTS: Nutrients with high prevalence of adequacy for most age/gender groups in all three cultures were protein, carbohydrate, n-3 fatty acids, iron, copper, zinc, manganese, selenium, riboflavin and vitamin B6; some individuals exceeded the upper intake level for iron, zinc, selenium, vitamin A and vitamin D. Estimated average requirement nutrients of concern for adequacy were magnesium, folate, vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin E; however, a few age/gender groups were exceptions. Prevalence of inadequacy for AI nutrients which may be undesirably high were fibre, n-6 fatty acids and calcium. Vitamin D was more adequate in Inuit women and men than for Yukon First Nations or Dene/Métis. CONCLUSIONS: Unique patterns of dietary adequacy exist among Arctic indigenous peoples. Local wildlife food sources and market food sources should be maximised for their nutrient contributions to Arctic diets.
Harriet V Kuhnlein; Olivier Receveur; Rula Soueida; Peter R Berti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-07-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1368-9800     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nutr     Publication Date:  2008 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-03-12     Completed Date:  2008-06-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  349-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Centre for Indigenous Peoples Nutrition and Environment (CINE), McGill University, Macdonald Campus, Ste. Anne de Bellevue, Quebec, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Arctic Regions
Cross-Cultural Comparison*
Diet / standards*
Diet Surveys
Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
Dietary Fiber / administration & dosage
Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
Food Habits*
Inuits / statistics & numerical data*
Mental Recall
Micronutrients / administration & dosage
Nutrition Assessment
Nutrition Policy*
Nutritional Requirements
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Fats; 0/Dietary Proteins; 0/Micronutrients

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