Document Detail

Unique Morphological Variations of Transient Midventricular Syndrome: A Case Series-Review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22747836     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Older individuals (especially women) enduring an inciting emotional or physical event are prone to developing left ventricular ballooning syndrome. Ballooning of apical distribution is the most common type. However, a midventricular variant is increasingly reported. As this variant becomes further delineated, we describe a case series in which various morphological patterns of midleft ventricular segments are seen. Each case involves a female patient with a presumptive diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome, who upon further cardiac workup demonstrated normal epicardial coronary blood flow. Subsequent cardiac imaging, including transthoracic echocardiography, revealed unique midventricular dilation and akinesis, with preserved or hypercontractility of the basal and apical segments. However, more unique to this, was the fact that the left ventricular regional wall motion abnormalities were of either "symmetric" ballooning morphology, involving all mid segments of the left ventricle; or more dramatically, "asymmetric" ballooning morphology, which involves abnormal regional motion of only a focal left ventricular wall. Furthermore, we review current literature on midventricular ballooning and propose likely mechanisms and optimal treatment strategies in the face of potential complications of midventricular ballooning syndrome. (Echocardiography ****;**:1-7).
Dilbahar S Mohar; Jin Kyung Kim; Pranav M Patel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-2
Journal Detail:
Title:  Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8175     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511187     Medline TA:  Echocardiography     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, Orange, California.
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