Document Detail

Unintentional house fire deaths in Alberta 1985-1990: a population study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8269379     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We extracted data from the Medical Examiner's files for all fire deaths in Alberta reported to the Medical Examiner's for the period 1985-1990. Of the 320 fire deaths, 183 (57%) were unintentional deaths from house fires. The highest house fire death rates occurred in children 0-4 years and in adults > or = 80 years of age (2.9 and 3.2 per 100,000 per year). The majority (53%) of fatal house fires occurred in single detached dwellings but the rate of fatal house fires was 9.0 times higher in moveable dwellings than in single detached dwellings. At least 61 (33%) of unintentional fatal house fires were caused by smokers' material. Blood alcohol levels above 0.8 g/L were found in 84 (59%) of victims tested and in 39 (76%) of victims of fires caused by smoking materials. 143 (78%) house fire deaths were due, at least in part, to inhalation of toxic fumes. The cause of fatal house fires in Alberta is multifactorial. However, particular attention should be paid towards the lethal combination of cigarettes and alcohol in preventing these fires.
L Chernichko; L D Saunders; S Tough
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de santé publique     Volume:  84     ISSN:  0008-4263     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Public Health     Publication Date:    1993 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-02-03     Completed Date:  1994-02-03     Revised Date:  2013-06-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372714     Medline TA:  Can J Public Health     Country:  CANADA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  317-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Health Services Administration and Community Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton.
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MeSH Terms
Accidents, Home / mortality*,  prevention & control
Aged, 80 and over
Alberta / epidemiology
Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects
Cause of Death
Child, Preschool
Coroners and Medical Examiners*
Fires* / statistics & numerical data
Infant, Newborn
Middle Aged
Population Surveillance*
Residence Characteristics
Risk Factors
Smoking / adverse effects

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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