Document Detail


Unintentional falls mortality among elderly in the United States: Time for action.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22265137     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Fall injury is a leading cause of death and disability among older adults. The objective of this study is to identify the groups among the ≥65 population by age, gender, race, ethnicity and state of residence which are most vulnerable to unintentional fall mortality and report the trends in falls mortality in the United States. Using mortality data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the age specific and age-adjusted fall mortality rates were calculated by gender, age, race, ethnicity and state of residence for a five year period (2003-2007). Annual percentage changes in rates were calculated and linear regression using natural logged rates were used for time-trend analysis. There were 79,386 fall fatalities (rate: 40.77 per 100,000 population) reported. The annual mortality rate varied from a low of 36.76 in 2003 to a high of 44.89 in 2007 with a 22.14% increase (p=0.002 for time-related trend) during 2003-2007. The rates among whites were higher compared to blacks (43.04 vs. 18.83; p=0.01). While comparing falls mortality rate for race by gender, white males had the highest mortality rate followed by white females. The rate was as low as 20.19 for Alabama and as high as 97.63 for New Mexico. The relative attribution of falls mortality among all unintentional injury mortality increased with age (23.19% for 65-69 years and 53.53% for 85+ years), and the proportion of falls mortality was significantly higher among females than males (46.9% vs. 40.7%: p<0.001) and among whites than blacks (45.3% vs. 24.7%: p<0.001). The burden of fall related mortality is very high and the rate is on the rise; however, the burden and trend varied by gender, age, race and ethnicity and also by state of residence. Strategies will be more effective in reducing fall-related mortality when high risk population groups are targeted.
Authors:
Hasanat Alamgir; Sana Muazzam; Muazzam Nasrullah
Related Documents :
11355787 - Evaluation of resting brain conditions measured by two different methods (i.v. and oral...
1331867 - Age-related changes in kappa opioid receptors in the guinea-pig brain: a quantitative a...
16360137 - Pediatric brain natriuretic peptide and n-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide refere...
21772827 - Characterization of inpatient moyamoya in the united states: 1988-2004.
18475207 - Does nasal obstruction mean that the nose is obstructed?
12573297 - Sexual orientation and the 2nd to 4th finger length ratio: evidence for organising effe...
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Injury     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-0267     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0226040     Medline TA:  Injury     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
University of Texas, School of Public Health, TX, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  One-week and 3-month outcomes after an emergency department visit for undifferentiated musculoskelet...
Next Document:  The associations between family characteristics and depressive symptoms in older adults: a community...