Document Detail

Unintended pregnancies in England in 2010: costs to the National Health Service (NHS).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22878145     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: Here we estimate the direct medical costs to the National Health Service (NHS) of unintended pregnancies in 2010 and identify populations at risk for unintended pregnancies.
METHODS: The number of unintended pregnancies in England in 2010 was estimated based on the number of induced and spontaneous abortions, live births and ectopic pregnancies reported by the NHS and Office for National Statistics. Direct medical costs associated with these were obtained from the NHS Reference Costs.
RESULTS: In 2010, there were an estimated 225,600 unintended pregnancies in England, of which 218,100 were paid for by the NHS. Of these, 155,500 led to induced abortions, 53,900 to births, 7,500 to spontaneous abortions and 1,200 to ectopic pregnancies. These unintended pregnancies cost the NHS £193,200,000 ($299,200,000) in direct medical costs.
DISCUSSION: London, the North West and the West Midlands should be targeted in efforts to reduce unintended pregnancies. More specifically, women between the ages of 20 and 34 years produce the greatest costs.
Calypso Montouchet; James Trussell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-08-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Contraception     Volume:  87     ISSN:  1879-0518     ISO Abbreviation:  Contraception     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-11     Completed Date:  2013-06-17     Revised Date:  2014-02-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0234361     Medline TA:  Contraception     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  149-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Abortion, Induced / economics
Abortion, Spontaneous / economics
Health Care Costs*
Pregnancy Outcome
Pregnancy, Ectopic / economics
Pregnancy, Unplanned*
State Medicine / economics*
Grant Support

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