Document Detail


Uniform shock waves in disordered granular matter.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23214575     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The confining pressure P is perhaps the most important parameter controlling the properties of granular matter. Strongly compressed granular media are, in many respects, simple solids in which elastic perturbations travel as ordinary phonons. However, the speed of sound in granular aggregates continuously decreases as the confining pressure decreases, completely vanishing at the jamming-unjamming transition. This anomalous behavior suggests that the transport of energy at low pressures should not be dominated by phonons. In this work we use simulations and theory to show how the response of granular systems becomes increasingly nonlinear as pressure decreases. In the low-pressure regime the elastic energy is found to be mainly transported through nonlinear waves and shocks. We numerically characterize the propagation speed, shape, and stability of these shocks and model the dependence of the shock speed on pressure and impact intensity by a simple analytical approach.
Authors:
Leopoldo R Gómez; Ari M Turner; Vincenzo Vitelli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-10-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics     Volume:  86     ISSN:  1550-2376     ISO Abbreviation:  Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136452     Medline TA:  Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  041302     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physics and Instituto de Física del Sur, Universidad Nacional del Sur-CONICET, Av L.N. Além 1253. (8000), Bahía Blanca, Argentina.
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