Document Detail


Unification of models for choice between delayed reinforcers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2299288     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Two models for choice between delayed reinforcers, Fantino's delay-reduction theory and Killeen's incentive theory, are reviewed. Incentive theory is amended to incorporate the effects of arousal on alternate types of behavior that might block the reinforcement of the target behavior. This amended version is shown to differ from the delay-reduction theory in a term that is an exponential in incentive theory and a difference in delay-reduction theory. A power series approximation to the exponential generates a model that is formally identical with delay-reduction theory. Correlations between delay-reduction theory and the amended incentive theory show excellent congruence over a range of experimental conditions. Although the assumptions that gave rise to delay-reduction theory and incentive theory remain different and testable, the models deriving from the theories are unlikely to be discriminable by parametric experimental tests. This congruence of the models is recognized by naming the common model the delayed reinforcement model, which is then compared with other models of choice such as Killeen and Fetterman's (1988) behavioral theory of timing, Mazur's (1984) equivalence rule, and Vaughan's (1985) melioration theory.
Authors:
P R Killeen; E Fantino
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the experimental analysis of behavior     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0022-5002     ISO Abbreviation:  J Exp Anal Behav     Publication Date:  1990 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-03-15     Completed Date:  1990-03-15     Revised Date:  2010-09-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0203727     Medline TA:  J Exp Anal Behav     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  189-200     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe 85287-1104.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Choice Behavior*
Conditioning (Psychology)*
Memory*
Mental Recall*
Models, Psychological*
Motivation
Reinforcement Schedule*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
MH-20752/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; MH39496/MH/NIMH NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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