Document Detail

Unhealthy dietary patterns are associated with weight gain during pregnancy among Finnish women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19323867     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To study whether the dietary patterns of Finnish pregnant women are associated with their weight gain rate during pregnancy. DESIGN: A validated 181-item FFQ was applied retrospectively to assess the diet during the eighth month of pregnancy, and maternal height and maternal weight at first and last antenatal visits were recalled. Information on sociodemographic characteristics, parity and smoking of the pregnant women was obtained by a structured questionnaire and from the Finnish Birth Registry. Principal components analysis was used to identify dietary patterns that described the diet of pregnant women based on their food consumption profile. SETTING: Finland. SUBJECTS: Subjects consisted of 3360 women who had newly delivered in 1997-2002 and whose baby carried human leucocyte antigen-conferred susceptibility to type 1 diabetes in two university hospital regions, Oulu and Tampere, in Finland. RESULTS: Out of seven dietary patterns identified, the 'fast food' pattern was positively associated (beta = 0.010, se = 0.003, P = 0.004) and the 'alcohol and butter' pattern was inversely associated (beta = -0.010, se = 0.003, P < 0.0001) with weight gain rate (kg/week) during pregnancy after adjusting for potential dietary, perinatal and sociodemographic confounding factors. Both of the dietary pattern associations demonstrated dose dependency. CONCLUSIONS: Pregnant women should be guided to have a well-planned, balanced, healthy diet during pregnancy in order to avoid rapid gestational weight gain. The association between diet, health and maternal weight gain of the women who consumed alcohol during pregnancy should be studied further.
Ulla Uusitalo; Tuula Arkkola; Marja-Leena Ovaskainen; Carina Kronberg-Kippil??; Mike G Kenward; Riitta Veijola; Olli Simell; Mikael Knip; Suvi M Virtanen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-03-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1475-2727     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nutr     Publication Date:  2009 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-11-12     Completed Date:  2010-01-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2392-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Lifestyles and Inclusion, Nutrition Unit, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Mannerheimintie 166, FIN-00300 Helsinki, Finland.
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MeSH Terms
Cohort Studies
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / congenital,  genetics,  prevention & control
Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
Food Habits
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Infant, Newborn
Linear Models
Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena / physiology*
Pregnancy Trimester, Third
Principal Component Analysis
Retrospective Studies
Weight Gain / physiology*
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Fats; 0/Dietary Proteins

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