Document Detail

Unfair treatment and trait anger in relation to nighttime ambulatory blood pressure in African American and white adolescents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19661190     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine if ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) at night relative to day ABP among adolescents is influenced by unfair treatment and trait anger, and whether these associations are stronger in African Americans and adolescents from lower socioeconomic status (SES) families and neighborhoods.
METHODS: A total of 189 healthy white and African American adolescents (ages = 14-16 years, standard deviation = 0.62, 50% female) completed 2 days and 1 night of ABP monitoring and unfair treatment and trait anger questionnaires. SES was measured using 1) parental education and 2) a composite neighborhood SES score based on U.S. Census tract data for neighborhood poverty and education. The night/day ABP ratio was calculated by dividing the night ABP mean (readings from the self-reported bedtime of each participant through 5 AM) by the day ABP mean (8:30 AM until self-reported bedtime).
RESULTS: Higher trait anger was associated with a higher night/day diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ratio in the full sample, B = 0.003, SE = 0.001, t = 2.20, p = .03. A significant interaction effect for Race x Unfair Treatment on the night/day DBP ratio, B = 0.01, SE = 0.003, t = 3.17, p = .002, followed by post hoc tests indicated that greater unfair treatment was associated with a higher night/day DBP ratio among African Americans, B = 0.006, SE = 0.002, t = 2.56, p = .01. Further, among African American adolescents living in lower SES neighborhoods, greater unfair treatment predicted a higher night/day DBP ratio, B = 0.008, SE = 0.003, t = 3.15, p = .002, and higher trait anger scores predicted a higher night/day DBP ratio, B = 0.008, SE = 0.002, t = 3.19, p = .002.
CONCLUSIONS: Trait anger may be a factor leading to elevated nighttime DBP in both African Americans and whites. Unfair treatment and trait anger are important predictors of elevated night/day ABP ratios among African American adolescents living in lower SES neighborhoods. These factors may contribute to the onset of hypertension in African Americans at a younger age.
Danielle L Beatty; Karen A Matthews
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2009-08-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychosomatic medicine     Volume:  71     ISSN:  1534-7796     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychosom Med     Publication Date:  2009 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-15     Completed Date:  2010-01-05     Revised Date:  2013-06-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376505     Medline TA:  Psychosom Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  813-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.
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MeSH Terms
African Americans / psychology,  statistics & numerical data*
Blood Pressure / physiology
Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory / psychology,  statistics & numerical data*
Circadian Rhythm / physiology
European Continental Ancestry Group / psychology,  statistics & numerical data*
Healthcare Disparities / statistics & numerical data
Hypertension / diagnosis
Life Change Events
Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data
Poverty / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Race Relations
Social Class
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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