Document Detail


Unexplained chronic cough and vitamin B-12 deficiency.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21248188     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Chronic cough is characterized by sensory neuropathy. Vitamin B-12 (cobalamin) deficiency (Cbl-D) causes central and peripheral nervous system damage and has been implicated in sensory neuropathy and autonomic nervous system dysfunction. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated whether Cbl-D has a role in chronic, unexplained cough. DESIGN: Laryngeal threshold (histamine concentration that provokes a 25% decrease in the midinspiratory flow), bronchial threshold (histamine concentration that provokes a 20% decrease in the forced expiratory volume in 1 s), and cough threshold (histamine concentration that causes ≥5 coughs) in response to an inhaled histamine were assessed in 42 patients with chronic, unexplained cough [27 Cbl-D patients and 15 patients without Cbl-D (Cbl-N)] before and after intramuscular injections of cobalamin for 2 mo. Laryngeal, bronchial, and cough hyperresponsiveness was diagnosed when histamine concentration thresholds were ≤8 mg/mL. Seven Clb-D and 3 Cbl-N patients underwent an oropharyngeal biopsy before treatment. RESULTS: Cbl-D patients had a higher prevalence of laryngeal hyperresponsiveness than did Cbl-N patients (92.6% compared with 66.7%, respectively; P = 0.03), a thinner oropharyngeal epithelium [133.7 μm (95% CI: 95, 172 μm) compared with 230.8 μm (95% CI: 224, 237), respectively; P = 0.002], a lower number of myelinated nerve fibers [2.25/mm(2) (95% CI: 1.8, 2.7/mm(2)) compared with 3.44/mm(2) (95% CI: 3, 3.8/mm(2)), respectively; P = 0.05], and a higher immunoreactive score for nerve growth factor (NGF) [6.7 (95% CI: 6, 7.3) compared with 2.8 (95% CI: 2.5, 3.1), respectively; P = 0.02]. After cobalamin supplementation, symptoms and laryngeal, bronchial, and cough thresholds were significantly improved in Cbl-D but not in Cbl-N patients. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that Cbl-D may contribute to chronic cough by favoring sensory neuropathy as indicated by laryngeal hyperresponsiveness and increased NGF expression in pharyngeal biopsies of Cbl-D patients. Cbl-D should be considered among factors that sustain chronic cough, particularly when cough triggers cannot be identified.
Authors:
Caterina B Bucca; Beatrice Culla; Giuseppe Guida; Savino Sciascia; Graziella Bellone; Antonella Moretto; Enrico Heffler; Massimiliano Bugiani; Giovanni Rolla; Luisa Brussino
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-1-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1938-3207     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Departments of Clinical Pathophysiology and Biomedical Science and Human Oncology, University of Turin, Turin, Italy, and the Unit of Pneumology, Consorzio Provinciale Antitubercolare, Local Health Agency Turin 2, Turin, Italy.
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