Document Detail


Unexpectedly high diversity of Monoporella (Bryozoa: Cheilostomata) in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska: taxonomy and distribution of six new species.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18275244     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The cheilostome bryozoan genus Monoporella is poorly resolved taxonomically; only four Recent species have been formally described, though several undescribed species have been reported in the literature. The literature indicates no more than five species in the genus occurring in any local region of the world, with one to three species in most regions where the genus has been reported. I examined bryozoans from 52 trawl catches in the western and western-central Aleutian Islands, Alaska, and found specimens of Monoporella in 12 of these samples. Study of these specimens by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed six new species that are described herein: M. flexibila, M. elongata, M. gigantea, M. ellefsoni, M. seastormi, and M. aleutica. Two of the species have erect colony morphologies, a condition not previously reported in Monoporella. The species diversity of Monoporella appears to be greater in the Aleutians than in any other part of the world adequately surveyed. I discuss whether this apparent high diversity is an artifact due to insufficient sampling in the deep shelf zone, and present two hypotheses to explain this high diversity should it prove not to be an artifact: 1) the present high local diversity represents a relict of past high diversity occurring broadly around the North Pacific rim; and 2) a local radiation of Monoporella occurred in the Aleutian archipelago.
Authors:
Matthew H Dick
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Zoological science     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0289-0003     ISO Abbreviation:  Zool. Sci.     Publication Date:  2008 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-02-15     Completed Date:  2008-08-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8702287     Medline TA:  Zoolog Sci     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  36-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
COE for Neo-Science of Natural History, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, N10 W8, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan. mhdick@mail.sci.hokudai.ac.jp
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Alaska
Animals
Biodiversity*
Bryozoa / classification*,  ultrastructure*
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
Species Specificity

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