Document Detail

Unexpected sudden death due to recreational swimming and diving in men in Croatia in a 14-year period.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22856257     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
The article deals with 17 sudden deaths which occurred during recreational swimming and diving in men in Croatia in a 14-year period: from January 1, 1998 to December 31, 2011. The sample is taken out from the total number of 61 sudden deaths in men during or immediately after sport or recreational exercise. Included are also sudden deaths of 8 foreigners spending holidays at the Croatian Adriatic Coast. In all of them forensic medicine autopsy was done. Thirteen males from Croatia died during recreational swimming. Three of them were aged 15-29 yrs: one had signs of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, the second suffered from chronic myopericarditis with left ventricular aneurysm, and the third had cardiomegaly and blood alcohol level of 1.7 per thousand. Five were aged 30-64 yrs: four of them have suffered from coronary atherosclerosis and left ventricular hypertrophy of 15-18-18-22 mm, and one with left ventricular hypertrophy drowned suddenly, probably because of malignant ventricular arrhythmia. The fifth suffered stroke and drowned. Five elderly men, aged 65-85 yrs, have suffered from coronary atherosclerosis, myocardial fibrosis or myocardial scars, and three of them had left ventricular hypertrophy of 19 mm. Four males died during recreational diving. One aged 26yrs drowned, at autopsy he had left ventricular hypertrophy of 17 mm. Three males were middle-aged: two had coronary atherosclerosis, two of them had a severe degree of coronary atherosclerosis and one had coronary atherosclerosis of medium degree but with myocardial fibrosis and left ventricular hypertrophy of 18 mm. Seven male foreigners died, five of them during swimming: two aged 30-64 and two aged 65-85. They all have had coronary atherosclerosis: one of them had an acute myocardial infarction of the posterior wall, and one hypertrophic cardiomyopathy as well. One middle-aged and one elderly man died during diving, and both had an acute myocardial infarction of the posterior wall. One elderly foreign woman died during swimming, she had coronary atherosclerosis and a myocardial scar. In Croatia, death rate during both swimming and diving in men aged 15-29 years amounted to 0.63/1,000.000 (p=1.0000); in those aged 30-64 it reached 0.56/1,000.000 (p=0.3698), and in those aged 65-85 it was 1.41/1,000.000 (p=0.1849). The death rate during swimming in men aged 15-29 amounted to 1.47/1,000.000 (p=0.9864), in men aged 30-64 it reached 0.35/1,000.000 (p=0.2245), and in those aged 65-85 it was 1.41/1,000.000 (the difference is significant, p=0.0472). The death rate during diving in men aged 15-29 was 0.16/1,000.000, and in men aged 30-64 the observed rate was 0.21/1,000.000 (p=1.0000).
Zijad Duraković; Marjeta Misigoj Duraković; Josip Skavić; Marija Definis Gojanović
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Collegium antropologicum     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0350-6134     ISO Abbreviation:  Coll Antropol     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003354     Medline TA:  Coll Antropol     Country:  Croatia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  641-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Institute for Anthropological Research, Department of Medical Anthropology and Epidemiology, Zagreb, Croatia.
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