Document Detail

Unexpected effects of cognitive-behavioural therapy on self-reported exercise behaviour and functional outcomes in older adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21059615     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: nearly 61% of older adults do not maintain recommended exercise levels emphasising the need for interventions that promote exercise.
OBJECTIVES: to compare self-reported exercise behaviour and functional outcomes over 1 year across three groups of older adults: a cognitive-behavioural therapy group, an attention-control education group and a control group.
DESIGN: randomised intervention.
SETTING: community exercise facilities.
PARTICIPANTS: three hundred and thirty-two older adults (mean age = 71.8 ± 5.1 years).
METHODS: all three groups received exercise training three times per week for 2 weeks and then one time per week for 8 weeks, during which time the therapy and education groups received their interventions. Blinded data collectors measured follow-up exercise behaviour and functional outcomes at 3-month intervals.
RESULTS: after controlling for previous year exercise behaviour, results showed that relative to the control group, the therapy and education groups increased their strengthening exercises over time (0.05 and 0.06 h/week higher, respectively); only the therapy group's change was significant. Also, relative to the control group, the therapy and education groups significantly reduced their 6-min walking distances over time (-1.6 m, P = 0.030 and -1.5 m, P = 0.026, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: although the therapy group increased their strength training, they reduced their 6-min walking distance.
Joanne Kraenzle Schneider; James H Cook; Douglas A Luke
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2010-11-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Age and ageing     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1468-2834     ISO Abbreviation:  Age Ageing     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-15     Completed Date:  2011-06-07     Revised Date:  2014-07-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375655     Medline TA:  Age Ageing     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  163-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Analysis of Variance
Cognitive Therapy*
Exercise Test
Health Behavior*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Health Promotion*
Patient Education as Topic*
Resistance Training
Self Report*
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Grant Support
Comment In:
Age Ageing. 2011 Mar;40(2):148-9   [PMID:  21252038 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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