Document Detail

Unequal risks, unmet needs: the tobacco burden for Pacific peoples in New Zealand.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19851419     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: To review the available published literature and documentary material relevant to smoking by Pacific peoples in New Zealand. METHODS: Electronic databases and websites were searched using a range of search words. RESULTS: Over 30% of Pacific adults in New Zealand reporting being smokers in the 2006 Census, compared to 21% of the whole adult population. Smoking by Pacific women increased from 23% in 1996 to 27% in the 2006 census. Other survey data indicates some fall in the prevalence of daily smoking from 35% in 2002/3 to 26% in 2006/7. The prevalence of smoking by Pacific Year-10 students declined sharply during 1999-2007, from 29% to 16%. Smoking inside the homes of Pacific students has declined during 2001-7, from 35% to 26%. We found little government attention to smoking by Pacific peoples, and no specific central government plan for Pacific tobacco control. CONCLUSIONS: The threat to health from smoking and secondhand smoke exposure is higher for Pacific peoples and contributes to health inequalities in New Zealand. There is a need for tobacco control interventions specific to Pacific peoples, with some policy shortcomings needing to be urgently addressed. A central government plan for Pacific tobacco control is required. Some progress has occurred, particularly in the decrease of smoking by Pacific youth, and the increase in smokefree Pacific homes.
Tolotea Lanumata; George Thomson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review     Date:  2009-09-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  The New Zealand medical journal     Volume:  122     ISSN:  1175-8716     ISO Abbreviation:  N. Z. Med. J.     Publication Date:  2009 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-23     Completed Date:  2009-11-10     Revised Date:  2010-10-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401067     Medline TA:  N Z Med J     Country:  New Zealand    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  39-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Public Health, Te Tari Hauora Tumatanui, University of Otago, Box 7343 Wellington South, New Zealand.
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MeSH Terms
Health Surveys
New Zealand / epidemiology
Risk Factors
Smoking* / adverse effects,  epidemiology,  prevention & control
Tobacco Smoke Pollution / adverse effects*,  prevention & control
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Tobacco Smoke Pollution

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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