Document Detail


Unequal risks, unmet needs: the tobacco burden for Pacific peoples in New Zealand.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19851419     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: To review the available published literature and documentary material relevant to smoking by Pacific peoples in New Zealand. METHODS: Electronic databases and websites were searched using a range of search words. RESULTS: Over 30% of Pacific adults in New Zealand reporting being smokers in the 2006 Census, compared to 21% of the whole adult population. Smoking by Pacific women increased from 23% in 1996 to 27% in the 2006 census. Other survey data indicates some fall in the prevalence of daily smoking from 35% in 2002/3 to 26% in 2006/7. The prevalence of smoking by Pacific Year-10 students declined sharply during 1999-2007, from 29% to 16%. Smoking inside the homes of Pacific students has declined during 2001-7, from 35% to 26%. We found little government attention to smoking by Pacific peoples, and no specific central government plan for Pacific tobacco control. CONCLUSIONS: The threat to health from smoking and secondhand smoke exposure is higher for Pacific peoples and contributes to health inequalities in New Zealand. There is a need for tobacco control interventions specific to Pacific peoples, with some policy shortcomings needing to be urgently addressed. A central government plan for Pacific tobacco control is required. Some progress has occurred, particularly in the decrease of smoking by Pacific youth, and the increase in smokefree Pacific homes.
Authors:
Tolotea Lanumata; George Thomson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review     Date:  2009-09-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  The New Zealand medical journal     Volume:  122     ISSN:  1175-8716     ISO Abbreviation:  N. Z. Med. J.     Publication Date:  2009 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-23     Completed Date:  2009-11-10     Revised Date:  2010-10-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401067     Medline TA:  N Z Med J     Country:  New Zealand    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  39-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Public Health, Te Tari Hauora Tumatanui, University of Otago, Box 7343 Wellington South, New Zealand.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Health Surveys
Humans
New Zealand / epidemiology
Prevalence
Risk Factors
Smoking* / adverse effects,  epidemiology,  prevention & control
Tobacco Smoke Pollution / adverse effects*,  prevention & control
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Tobacco Smoke Pollution

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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