Document Detail

Undiagnosed and potentially lethal parasite infections among immigrants and refugees in Australia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16884406     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Intestinal parasite infections are a major cause of ill health in many resource-poor countries. This study compares the types and rates of these infections and their risk factors in recently arrived and long-term immigrants in Australia. Cross-sectional surveys of 127 East African and 234 Cambodian immigrants and refugees were undertaken in 2000 and 2002, respectively, to assess the burden of intestinal parasites and collect demographic information. Serum samples were assessed for eosinophilia and Strongyloides stercoralis and Schistosoma antibodies, and feces examined for ova, cysts, and parasites. Intestinal parasites were identified in 77/117 fecal samples from East African and in 25/204 samples collected from Cambodian participants. Eleven percent (14/124) of East Africans and 42% (97/230) of Cambodians had positive or equivocal serology for S stercoralis. Schistosoma serology was positive or equivocal in 15% (19/124) of East African participants. Potentially serious intestinal parasite infections are common among recent and longer term immigrants despite multiple visits to health care providers. Immigrants and refugees from high-risk countries would benefit from comprehensive health checks soon after resettlement.
Sonia R Caruana; Heath A Kelly; Joanne Y Y Ngeow; Norbert J Ryan; Catherine M Bennett; Ley Chea; Sophy Nuon; Narin Bak; Susan A Skull; Beverley-Ann Biggs
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of travel medicine     Volume:  13     ISSN:  1195-1982     ISO Abbreviation:  J Travel Med     Publication Date:    2006 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-08-03     Completed Date:  2006-11-28     Revised Date:  2009-07-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9434456     Medline TA:  J Travel Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  233-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria 3050, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Africa, Eastern / ethnology
Aged, 80 and over
Antibodies, Protozoan / blood
Cambodia / ethnology
Cross-Sectional Studies
Emigration and Immigration*
Feces / parasitology
Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic / blood,  epidemiology*,  ethnology,  etiology,  parasitology
Middle Aged
Schistosoma / immunology,  isolation & purification
Schistosomiasis / blood,  epidemiology,  ethnology,  etiology,  parasitology
Strongyloides stercoralis / immunology,  isolation & purification
Strongyloidiasis / blood,  epidemiology,  ethnology,  etiology,  parasitology
Victoria / epidemiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antibodies, Protozoan

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