Document Detail

Undiagnosed exercise-induced bronchoconstriction in ski-mountaineers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15776341     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Because the practise conditions put the ski-mountaineering athletes potentially at risk for exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB), this study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of EIB in this population. Thirty-one highly-trained ski-mountaineers with racing experience participating in the race were evaluated. EIB was determined after a European race at high altitude and frigid conditions. Pre-race investigations included pulmonary function measurements and a questionnaire enquiring about i) training habits, ii) respiratory history during training and/or competition. Pulmonary function was also tested after the race. None of the athletes reported a basal airway obstruction. Two groups were determined after post-race airway response: i) EIB (+) group exhibiting a fall in FEV (1) > or = 10 % (n = 15) and ii) EIB (-) without fall in FEV (1) or fall < 10 % (n = 16). Neither training habits nor baseline lung function were associated with the post-race airway response. Six of the 31 ski-mountaineers had a previous physician-made diagnosis of asthma and/or EIB, nevertheless 23 of our athletes complained about at least one characteristic symptom of asthma during practise. Four of our 15 EIB (+) had a previous physician-made diagnosis of asthma/EIB indicating that 73 % of EIB (+) athletes were undiagnosed for EIB. The proportion of allergic athletes was not significantly different between EIB (+) and EIB (-). This study showed that approximatively half of highly-trained ski-mountaineers with racing experience can develop EIB after a race and that 73 % of them are unaware of the problem.
F Durand; P Kippelen; F Ceugniet; V R Gomez; P Desnot; M Poulain; C Préfaut
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of sports medicine     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0172-4622     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Sports Med     Publication Date:  2005 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-03-18     Completed Date:  2005-07-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8008349     Medline TA:  Int J Sports Med     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  233-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Laboratoire Sport, Santé, Altitude, Département STAPS l'Ermitage, 66120 Font-Romeu, France.
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MeSH Terms
Asthma / complications
Asthma, Exercise-Induced / diagnosis*,  epidemiology,  etiology
Bronchoconstriction / physiology*
Hypersensitivity / complications
Mountaineering / physiology*,  statistics & numerical data
Skiing / physiology*,  statistics & numerical data
Statistics, Nonparametric

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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