Document Detail

Understanding the nutrition transition: measuring rapid dietary changes in transitional countries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12633520     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To understand methodological concerns related to dietary intake collection in transitional societies. DESIGN: Three days of household weighing and measurement of all food used and repeated 24-hour recalls. SETTING: Eight Chinese provinces. SUBJECTS: Five thousand nine hundred and fifty-two and 5152 adults aged 20-45 years in 1989 and 1997, respectively. RESULTS: Great variance exists in the types and quantity of animal products used in common recipes. For example, the proportion of pork from lean cuts in 'stir-fried fresh pepper and pork' varies between 14 and 24% in urban and rural areas and the total pork content for 100 g (dish) varies by 15 to 19 g between rural and urban areas in each of eight provinces. Another challenge relates to the variation in the edible vegetable oil content added during food preparation. Reliance on standard recipes for each fried dish would miss the variations in oil use over time, space and socio-economic status. CONCLUSIONS: Dietary change is rapid in transitional countries. Reliance on recipes standardised for animal food and edible oil contents will lead to very large systematic errors in the measurement of energy, fat and protein intakes.
Barry M Popkin; Bing Lu; Fengying Zhai
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1368-9800     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nutr     Publication Date:  2002 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-03-13     Completed Date:  2003-05-13     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  947-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, University Square, CB# 8120, 123 West Franklin Street, Chapel Hill 27516-3997, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Diet / trends*
Diet Surveys
Energy Intake
Food Habits / ethnology*
Middle Aged
Nutritional Status*
Rural Population
Urban Population

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