Document Detail


Understanding interrelationships among HIV-related stigma, concern about HIV infection, and intent to disclose HIV serostatus: a pretest-posttest study in a rural area of eastern China.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16475894     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objective of the study was to examine the interrelationships among HIV-related public and felt stigma, worry of HIV infection, HIV/AIDS knowledge and intention to disclose HIV testing results in a rural area of China, where HIV spread among former commercial blood donors. A one-group pretest-posttest study was conducted among 605 marriage license applicants. The following relationships showed statistical significance in path analysis: (1) HIV/AIDS knowledge --> worry [beta (Standardized coefficient) = -0.39]; (2) worry --> public stigma (beta = 0.27); (3) public stigma --> felt stigma (beta = 0.22); and (4) felt stigma --> intention to disclosure (beta = -0.20). Separate path analyses for males and females generated similar association patterns. HIV counseling reduced perceived worry but exerted little impact on HIV-related stigma and the intention. The pathway from a lack of HIV/AIDS knowledge to increased stigma and to decreased intention to disclose one's serostatus is particularly policy relevant as decreased intention to disclosure may be related to continuing practice of HIV risk behaviors. The findings demonstrate interventions aiming at the reduction of stigma should be targeted at both the individual and community levels.
Authors:
Hongjie Liu; Zhi Hu; Xiaoming Li; Bonita Stanton; Sylvie Naar-King; Hongmei Yang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  AIDS patient care and STDs     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1087-2914     ISO Abbreviation:  AIDS Patient Care STDS     Publication Date:  2006 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-14     Completed Date:  2006-04-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9607225     Medline TA:  AIDS Patient Care STDS     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  133-42     Citation Subset:  IM; X    
Affiliation:
Preventive Research Center, School of Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA. hongjie@med.wayne.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
China / epidemiology
Female
HIV Infections / epidemiology,  psychology*
HIV Seropositivity
Humans
Male
Questionnaires
Rural Population*
Stereotyping*
Stress, Psychological*
Truth Disclosure*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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