Document Detail

Understanding gastrointestinal distress: a framework for clinical practice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21378758     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We describe a framework to help clinicians think about health-related quality of life in their gastrointestinal (GI) patients. We introduce "GI distress" as a clinically relevant concept and explain how it may result from physical symptoms, cognitions, and emotions. The GI distress framework suggests that providers should divide GI physical symptoms into four categories: pain, gas/bloat, altered defecation, and foregut symptoms. We describe how these physical symptoms can be amplified by maladaptive cognitions, including external locus of control, catastrophizing, and anticipation anxiety. We suggest determining the level of embarrassment from GI symptoms and asking about stigmatization. GI patients may also harbor emotional distress from their illness and may exhibit visceral anxiety marked by hypervigilance, fear, and avoidance of GI sensations. Look for signs of devitalization, indicated by inappropriate fatigue. When appropriate, screen for suicidal ideations. Finally, we provide a list of high-yield questions to screen for these maladaptive cognitions and emotions, and explain how the GI distress framework can be used in clinical practice.
Brennan M R Spiegel; Dinesh Khanna; Roger Bolus; Nikhil Agarwal; Puja Khanna; Lin Chang
Related Documents :
6590608 - Adverse side effects associated with prednisone in the treatment of patients with oral ...
9284668 - Withdrawal of long-term diuretic medication in elderly patients: a double blind randomi...
2542908 - Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-induced cough.
2172178 - Overweight treated with energy restriction and a dietary fibre supplement: a 6-month ra...
2331548 - Effects of mild, moderate and severe closed head injury on long-term vocational status.
22914208 - The therapeutic effect of a new ultra low concentration estriol gel formulation (0.005%...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of gastroenterology     Volume:  106     ISSN:  1572-0241     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Gastroenterol.     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-07     Completed Date:  2011-04-28     Revised Date:  2011-06-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421030     Medline TA:  Am J Gastroenterol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  380-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Gastroenterology, VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, California, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Abdominal Pain / etiology
Anxiety / complications*
Catastrophization / etiology
Constipation / etiology
Diarrhea / etiology
Fecal Incontinence / etiology
Gastrointestinal Diseases / physiopathology,  psychology*
Gastrointestinal Tract / physiopathology*
Health Status
Internal-External Control
Mass Screening
Quality of Life
Stress, Psychological / complications*,  etiology*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Lymphatic and blood vessels in basal and triple-negative breast cancers: characteristics and prognos...
Next Document:  Editorial: Exercise for NAFLD: does intensity matter?