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Underlying inflammation has no impact on the oxidative stress response to acute mental stress.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24675034     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Mental stress is considered to be a trigger for acute myocardial infarction (MI), with inflammation thought to provide a mechanism. Inflammation is reciprocally linked to oxidative stress, which has also been implicated in MI. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of experimentally-induced inflammation on the oxidative stress response to mental stress in healthy participants.
METHODS: Healthy males undertook one of two inflammatory stimuli: typhoid vaccination (Vaccination paradigm, N=17) or eccentric exercise (Eccentric exercise paradigm, N=17). All participants completed a mental arithmetic stress task twice (within-subject design): six hours after the inflammatory stimulus, and during a control non-inflammation condition. Blood samples were taken before, immediately and thirty minutes after the stress task. Plasma was assessed for interleukin-6 (IL-6), protein carbonyls (PC), lipid hydroperoxides (LOOH), total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and nitric oxide metabolites (NOx).
RESULTS: Vaccination paradigm: IL-6, PC and NOx were significantly higher in the vaccination condition, relative to the control condition (p<.05). PC, TAC, LOOH and NOx were unchanged in response to mental stress in both the vaccination and control conditions. Eccentric Exercise paradigm: IL-6 and TAC were significantly higher in the eccentric exercise condition (p<.05), relative to the control condition. PC, TAC and NOx were unchanged in response to mental stress in both the eccentric exercise and control conditions.
CONCLUSIONS: Two different inflammatory paradigms were successful in increasing selective plasma markers of inflammation and oxidative stress prior to a mental stress task. However, experimentally induced transient inflammation had no impact on mental stress-induced changes in plasma LOOH, PC, TAC or NOx in young healthy participants.
Authors:
Alex J Wadley; Jet J C S Veldhuijzen van Zanten; Nicola J Paine; Mark T Drayson; Sarah Aldred
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-3-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain, behavior, and immunity     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1090-2139     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Behav. Immun.     Publication Date:  2014 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-3-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8800478     Medline TA:  Brain Behav Immun     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Inc.
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