Document Detail


Uncoupling gene activity from chromatin structure: promoter mutations can inactivate transcription of the yeast HSP82 gene without eliminating nucleosome-free regions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1409619     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
DNase I-hypersensitive sites represent "nucleosome-free" regions in chromatin where the underlying DNA sequence is highly accessible to trans-acting proteins. Here we demonstrate that it is possible to uncouple gene activity from hypersensitive site formation. Point or substitution mutations were introduced into the promoter of the yeast chromosomal HSP82 gene, encoding the 83-kDa heat shock protein (HSP), via site-directed integration. Mutating either the TATA box or heat shock element 1 (HSE1) significantly reduced basal and heat-induced transcription while mutating both essentially inactivated expression. Dormant transcription units exhibited arrays of sequence-positioned nucleosomes; nevertheless, the inactivated genes still retained a hypersensitive site within their mutated promoters. In addition, all yeast strains maintained a heat-inducible hypersensitive site at -600 base pairs (bp), while several mutant strains converted a constitutive hypersensitive site at -300 bp into a heat-inducible one. Thus, mutations in cis-acting elements within a promoter can inactivate transcription without eliminating nucleosome-free regions.
Authors:
M S Lee; W T Garrard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America     Volume:  89     ISSN:  0027-8424     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.     Publication Date:  1992 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-11-10     Completed Date:  1992-11-10     Revised Date:  2010-09-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505876     Medline TA:  Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  9166-70     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Microbiology, University of Ulsan, Kyongnam, Korea.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Alleles
Base Sequence
Binding Sites
DNA, Fungal / genetics,  metabolism
Deoxyribonuclease I
Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal*
Genes, Fungal*
Heat-Shock Proteins / genetics*
Hot Temperature
Kinetics
Molecular Sequence Data
Mutagenesis, Site-Directed*
Oligodeoxyribonucleotides
Promoter Regions, Genetic*
RNA, Messenger / metabolism
Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics*
TATA Box
Transcription, Genetic*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
GM22201/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS; GM29935/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS; GM31689/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/DNA, Fungal; 0/Heat-Shock Proteins; 0/Oligodeoxyribonucleotides; 0/RNA, Messenger; EC 3.1.21.1/Deoxyribonuclease I
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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