Document Detail


Unconventional promoters of catalytic activity in electrocatalysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23143186     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Promoters and poisons for catalytic activity have been a subject of intensive research in both heterogeneous catalysis and electrocatalysis for decades, driven primarily by profound financial and societal implications involved because catalyzed reactions are at the center of many enterprises of chemical and petroleum industries. Consequently, there exist well-identified promoters and poisons, such as electropositive alkali elements for the former and electronegative later 2p elements for the latter, respectively. Research on catalytic promoters or poisons has traditionally been along the lines of these conventional classifications of promoters vs. poisons. However, this short Critical Review will not follow such traditional lines of reasoning, i.e., to discuss how the well-identified promoters can be better utilized and/or how the equally well-identified poisons can be eliminated or better tolerated. Rather, it will focus on cases that highlight an emerging area of research in which many traditional poisoning species have been used to promote catalytic activity, which include recent work on using sulfur and poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) as catalytic promoters carried out in the author's lab.
Authors:
Yuye J Tong
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chemical Society reviews     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1460-4744     ISO Abbreviation:  Chem Soc Rev     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0335405     Medline TA:  Chem Soc Rev     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry, Georgetown University, 37th & O Streets, NW, Washington, DC 20057, USA. yyt@georgetown.edu.
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