Document Detail

Unconstrained shoulder joint position sense does not change with body orientation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19072986     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Our knowledge of the role of muscle activation on proprioception is incomplete. Previous work has either focused on comparing active and passive motions or manipulated both muscle activation and joint angles simultaneously. We conducted an experiment at the shoulder in which subjects' trunks were tilted backwards to decouple joint angle from joint torque. Twenty three healthy subjects underwent testing in an unconstrained joint position sense task. Kinematics were measured with a magnetic tracking device. The joint position sense task consisted of subjects moving their arms to a predetermined orientation in space with the help of visual feedback from the magnetic tracking device presented to the subjects through a head-mounted display. Subjects were then asked to reproduce the presented joint position in the absence of visual feedback. The protocol was performed under two tilts: upright and trunk tilted back 45 degrees. This allowed for a comparison of joint position sense at different joint angles (at the same resistive torque) and at different resistive torques (at the same joint angles). When comparing these two tilts, we found that matching based on elevation angle demonstrated no significant difference, while matching based on torques did find differences. These results implicate elevation angle at the shoulder as playing a more important role in modulating joint position sense than joint torque.
Jason Chapman; David N Suprak; Andrew R Karduna
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of orthopaedic research : official publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1554-527X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Orthop. Res.     Publication Date:  2009 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-06-15     Completed Date:  2009-07-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8404726     Medline TA:  J Orthop Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  885-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Health, Physical Education and Dance, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Gravity Sensing / physiology*
Humerus / physiology
Muscle, Skeletal / innervation,  physiology
Orientation / physiology*
Posture / physiology
Proprioception / physiology*
Shoulder Joint / innervation*,  physiology*
Young Adult

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