Document Detail


Unclipping of two-kidney, one clip hypertensive rats produces endothelium-dependent inhibition of sympathetic vasoconstriction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2628496     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Removal of the renal artery-constricting clip in two-kidney, one clip (2-K,1C) Goldblatt-hypertensive rats produces a rapid fall in blood pressure which has been attributed to the release of vasodepressor lipids from the renal medulla. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the effect of unclipping 2-K,1C hypertensive rats, and of any hormone thereby released, on vasoconstrictor responses to sympathetic stimulation in the ex vivo blood-perfused tail artery, as well as the role of the vascular endothelium in mediating this effect. Blood was withdrawn at a rate of 2 ml/min from the carotid artery of an anaesthetized 2-K,1C rat and used to perfuse, via an extracorporeal circuit, a cannulated segment of tail artery which had been taken from a killed, normal rat and mounted in an organ bath. The blood was returned to the 2-K,1C rat via the jugular vein. Vasoconstriction and increases in perfusion pressure were produced by periarterial electrical stimulation of the tail artery. The tail artery was either intact or had had its endothelium removed. Sham operations which did not remove the renal artery clip did not change blood pressure or vasoconstrictor responses. Unclipping lowered blood pressure and reduced vasoconstrictor responses in ex vivo blood-perfused tail arteries in which the endothelium was intact, but did not decrease responses in tail arteries from which the endothelium had been removed. It is concluded that unclipping releases a hormone which lowers blood pressure and inhibits sympathetic vasoconstrictor responses via an endothelium-dependent mechanism.
Authors:
J F Gerkens
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of hypertension     Volume:  7     ISSN:  0263-6352     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  1989 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-04-17     Completed Date:  1990-04-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8306882     Medline TA:  J Hypertens     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  961-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Discipline of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Newcastle, NSW, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Blood Pressure
Constriction
Endothelium, Vascular / physiopathology*
Heart Rate
Hypertension, Renovascular / physiopathology*
Lipids / physiology
Male
Rats
Rats, Inbred Strains
Renal Artery / physiopathology
Tail
Vasoconstriction*
Vasodilation
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Lipids

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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