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Umbilical artery chemokine CCL16 is associated with preterm preeclampsia and fetal growth restriction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22857868     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Cytokines and growth factors synthesized by placental trophoblasts are suggested to induce endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cell apoptosis and affect angiogenesis. OBJECTIVE: To investigate cord blood and placental immunoproteins in order to find new clues on pathogenetic factors of preterm preeclampsia. METHODS: Cord blood samples were collected on 163 consecutive preterm deliveries prior to 32 gestational weeks. Placental function, clinical risk factors and 107 umbilical artery immunoproteins were analyzed. Classification and regression trees analysis was used to detect associations between the immunoproteins, clinical parameters and preterm preeclampsia. Placental expression of the immunoproteins and their receptors were subsequently investigated. RESULTS: Preeclampsia complicated 34% of the pregnancies in this preterm cohort. Umbilical artery CCL16, CCL24, and CCL23 were associated with preeclampsia, CCL16 showing the strongest relationship with an OR (95% CI) of 24.5 (5.4-112.0). High umbilical artery CCL16 was also characteristic to fetuses with severe growth restriction (<3rd percentile). CCL16, CCL24 and their receptors, CCR1 and CCR3 were expressed in preeclamptic placentas. CONCLUSIONS: High umbilical artery CCL16 is prominently detected in preterm preeclamptic pregnancies with severe growth restriction. A link to compensatory proangiogenic mechanisms has to be considered.
Authors:
Kaarin Mäkikallio; Tuula Kaukola; Jarno Tuimala; Stephen F Kingsmore; Mikko Hallman; Marja Ojaniemi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cytokine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1096-0023     ISO Abbreviation:  Cytokine     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9005353     Medline TA:  Cytokine     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Oulu, FIN-90014 Oulu, Finland.
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